While bagpipes may seem like crudely traditional instruments, there are actually several kinds of bagpipes--each with a distinctive character and sound. The seven forms of bagpipes are: Great Highland bagpipes, Irish Uilleann bagpipes, Northumbrian bagpipes, Scottish smallpipes, Biniou, Center-France bagpipes, and Gaita. Great Highland bagpipes
The Great Highland bagpipe is among the most popular bagpipes type. It originated from Scotland and Ireland and is also widely used by soloists and pipe bands in civilian and military performances. It really is played in the mixolydian scale, through the natural low G key to the main element of an, consisting of two tenor drones and something bass drone.
Irish Uilleann bagpipes The Irish Uillean bagpipe is regarded as the advanced form of bagpipe. It's took part the diatonic scale, within the key of natural C and the key of major D. It is usually took part in staccato--a form of playing that's short and rapid.
Northumbrian smallpipes The Northumbrian smallpipe is often a bellows-blown form of bagpipe. It typically is made up of four drones that may be tuned to various pitches and combinations. It's got chanters with seven 17 keys and possesses many of the unique qualities with the Irish Uilleann bagpipes. However, it takes very tight fingering to play in staccato.
Scottish smallpipes. The Scottish small pipe is preferred among highland pipers. Additionally it is a bellow-blown kind of bagpipe but has the same fingering system because the Great Highland bagpipe. It is also mouth-blown but will not make the same sound and tone quality since it has a delicate reed construction.
Biniou. From Brittany France, the Binou was designed to be mouth-blown. It really is played one note over the octave scale along with a flat lead tone below it. It creates an audio that is one octave above the fantastic Highland bagpipe, making a quite high pitched sound. Alongside the bombarde, it really is widely used to accompany folk dancing in Breton.
Center-France bagpipes. Often known as the chevrette, the Cenetr-France bagpipe consists of goatskin which is a mouth-blown instrument. It is widely used inside the Bourbonnais, Morvan, and Nivernais parts of France.